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Layers of the Food Forest


    Layers of the Food Forest

There are generally considered to be 7-10 identifiable layers to the forest ecology:

  1. Canopy (tall trees, large fruit & nut trees)
  2. Understorey (smaller fruit trees)
  3. Shrubs and Bushes (currants & berries, clumpers)
  4. Herbaceous (herbs and flowers)
  5. Groundcovers (plants that live close to the ground)
  6. Climbers and Vines
  7. Rhyzosphere (Root) layer (storage root plants)

other commonly discussed ‘layers’

  1. Fungal and Bacterial layer (same strata as Rhysosphere and “coating” most others)
  2. Emergent layer (very tall palms found in the wet tropics)
  3. Sub-Canopy layer (understorey palms in sub-tropics and tropics)



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