Category Archives: Envirionment

The Bus Isn’t Always On Time


Ex 3 233

I wasn’t able to comprehend the sacrifice involved in cutting carbon emissions until I applied it to my own lifestyle.  I’m an active American college student living in the suburbs of a city with less than adequate public transportation and, to top it off the rain in this is relentless. I also have strong convictions and passion to seek and promote a sustainable lifestyle due to an overwhelming concern of a future energy crisis. After learning about the devastation of carbon emissions on the environment I was motivated to incorporate changes into my lifestyle in order to reduce my footprint on this planet. Instead of just preaching about the issues, it was my turn to apply my own action in an attempt to lessen the problematic situation. According to Michael C. Slattery, who wrote Contemporary Environmental Issues, “oil is the world’s predominant energy source, accounting for about 40 percent of energy consumption” (Slattery 35). According to the Environmental Protection Agency’s report on the U.S. Greenhouse Gas Inventory, “ The Transportation accounts for approximately 33 percent of total carbon dioxide emissions… nearly 60 percent of emissions resulted from gasoline consumption” (U.S. Greenhouse). The really scary figure according to Slattery is that fossil fuels “account for almost 90 percent of commercial energy production worldwide” (Slattery 25). This figure includes natural gas, coal and oil consumption. Majority of the items that we utilize and consume on a daily basis are transported to us from another part of the world. Most of the transportation requires the use of dirty fossil fuels. This also includes foreign oil and, America is one of the leading oil importers on the planet making it one of the most crucial countries that need to take a step towards localization. In order to reduce my own footprint I decided my project needed to reduce my carbon miles in so I can move closer to a sustainable lifestyle. As an active American I decided to leave my keys on my dresser, and take up a sustainable commuting practice. My project demanded that I would specifically to utilize sustainable modes of transportation either by, bicycle or the use of the local public transportation system to commute to school.

In order to track my progress I decided to do some research in order to estimate my carbon footprint before and, after.  In May after the start of my project I was asked to fill out a form during week five that allowed me to estimate my greenhouse and transportation costs. I concluded that this particular worksheet allowed a solid platform so that I could accurately estimate my progress. According to my estimates and the mathematic equations my Subaru Outback station wagon runs at twenty two miles per gallon with a fourteen gallon tank. I would usually drive two weeks between refuels which estimated that I provide the planet with 7,884 pounds of carbon into the atmosphere alone by driving 8700 miles annually. This number frightened me which led to continued motivation for this project. I was under the impression that my car a twenty-two miles per gallon wagon would have been much more environmentally friendly. I was completely baffled, and overwhelmed by the own emission output. A closer look at the cost was also shocking. Driving an average of 24.38 miles per day costs according to the mathematical calculations of the chart cost $4.14 per day. This price may not seem like very much at first glance but, I assure you as a college student the cost adds up to an annual price of over $1500. Personally this is more than a months’ worth of living expenses in my situation. I was looking forward to adding the savings to my bank account balance. Frequent trips to the gas station would be a thing of the past! The monetary cost and the carbon emissions were eye openings and, it was time to incorporate changes. I am a full time student and, my only obligation has been commuting to school and back every weekday. Google Maps estimated my distance from the school as 3.6 miles. According to the C-Tran web site the estimated commute by bus this would take 16 minutes each direction. My commute to school required that I would travel an estimated 36 miles per week. Over the course of 55 days I could easily save over 400 miles. Not to mention the hassle of a community college parking lot that can last nearly forty five minutes every morning and hundreds of pounds of carbon dioxide.

Public Transportation requires patience.  Commuting in a personal vehicle allows certain freedoms. The most important step in using transportations is accepting a loss of those freedoms. For instance, the bus drivers usually are very helpful and kind but, they are not running a taxi service and, they stick to the route regardless of any attempt at coercing. Any spontaneous stop on the way requires careful planning to avoid being late to my scheduled obligations. I had to plan my trips if, I wanted to stop by the grocery store or post office.  I had to plan ahead and check bus schedules and routes. This was expected although it took some getting used to. Spontaneity checked out of my lifestyle. The first two weeks I experienced the most amount of frustration while adjusting to the project and, I was slightly bummed. I felt a little lost at first as I noticed the loss of my freedom.  I missed my Outback and I felt awkward. The frustration set in shortly after I realized that this project wasn’t going to be as easy as I first anticipated. I continued the project with a certain level of frustration because; I felt that a small sacrifice of my personal freedoms was important for the commonwealth of the planet and future generations not to mention my grade.  I also have lived in several cities with efficient means of public transportation. Vancouver is not such a place. The inconvenience forced me to question my own convictions on modern day environmental issues. How could feel so passionate about the issues, yet frustrated at the application of better choices? I continued on the path of being a suburban bus commuter. I wondered if my sacrifice of convenience would really make much of a difference. After all, I am just one suburban college student.

When I conceived this project idea I had planned on commuting by bicycle several times a week. That’s when I also noticed that spring in the Pacific North West is not a favorable place to commute by bicycle due to the overwhelming about of liquid sunshine. I had hopes using a bicycle would have health benefits as well .I was wrong because, my motivation to ride a bicycle in a rain left me when I was awarded a drivers license at sixteen.  From my trial and error experience through the first few days I had decided that the bus was a better alternative. I didn’t have to pay the bus fare thanks to a student Identification and a bus pass that cost less than twenty dollars for the term.  Riding my bicycle 3.6 miles either left me drenched from the rain, or perspiration from the work out. The commute generally would last about twenty minutes each way by bus. This was actually a faster commute than driving the 3.6 miles because; I no longer had to deal with the parking issues at the school and the commute time by bus was less than by car.  My commute by bicycle was respectively the same. I was happy with the situation; although I did have several occasions where the bus took longer than expected and sometimes wait became major inconvenience.

I started to enjoy other aspects of the new lifestyle. It also added several perks that I grew to enjoy. For instance I grew accustomed to the reading time, and relaxing before class. I also learned that public transportation is entertaining if people watching. There is a strange man in his late seventies named Herb on the bus every other day who talks on his cell phone so loud that I know all about his grandchildren and, toe nail fungus. More importantly I was able to enjoy the time because I had little responsibility on the bus. It was a new concept which when driving a vehicle, one does not have. I became more observant, and felt I was making a difference.

I was accustomed to filling my fuel tank every two weeks and, during the project I was able to extend it to every four weeks. This was saving me money right off the bat and reduced my cost on gas in half. More importantly I was able to reduce my carbon miles by at least 36 miles per week. I did adhere strictly to my original goal of commuting to and from school during the week with sustainable means. My total reduction for my project had reduced my carbon miles by at least 360 miles. This equals the average amount of miles I get on one full tank. During the project I did miss the bus on a four occasions which hindered me from my goal of 400 miles. In order to make up for those days, I used the public transportation system on many occasions for grocery shopping, errands and, visiting friends. Unfortunately I did not document those trips nor add them to my estimated reduction because my goal was to commute to and from school and, not from other activities. According to the emissions chart, total emissions can be calculated by “Emissions per Mile = 20lbs / MPG”, which calculates to 0.9 CO2 per mile in my case. The total amount of carbon dioxide reduced during this project calculates to 324 pounds of carbon dioxide that I otherwise would have emitted into the atmosphere while commuting to school and back.

In all honesty I am still disappointed with the figure because at first glance it seems like it wouldn’t make a difference. However, if this project is going to continue I have estimated that during a period of one year of commuting by bus that I could reduce at least 1684.8 pounds of carbon from my annual estimate of 7884 pounds of Co2 emissions. By continuing the project I could reduce my emissions by as much as 19 percent over the course of a year just by commuting to school with public transportation! This is good for the environment, my pocketbook and conscience. Although is it enough? Could I do more?

Future generations are facing unprecedented problems largely thanks to global emissions and the burning of dirty fossil fuels. Oil, natural gas and coal consumption is continuing to grow in India, China and other developing countries around the globe. Expansion to find oil and natural gas is becoming dangerous, and unlimited resources are not available. Oil drilling expansion in the Arctic and Gulf of Mexico could prove to have long term dangerous consequences. Even if unlimited resources were available our atmosphere wouldn’t harbor the pollution from those dirty resources. The United States is one of the leading contributors of greenhouse gases that are emitted globally each year. Greenhouse gas emissions are growing at an unprecedented rate and, unless action is taken to reduce the amount of pollution that is emitted into the atmosphere we will be looking at a much different planet in the near future. Recent reports claim that 2010 had reached the highest carbon emission output ever recorded.  It is important to start making an impact today in order to slow those changes from happening.  Slattery says “People tend to believe that scientists will give us all the facts we need to know about nature and the environment and that technology will somehow save the planet and all humanity” (Slattery 252). This project and the information we covered in class make me wonder if others will be willing to sacrifice some of their own conveniences for a greater common good.  Being a person with strong political and environmental convictions made this project a much easier than it would for others who are not concerned about the future of the planet.

The problems that we are facing are also disputed by a side with political corporatist agenda motivated by faith in capitalist society.  The republican controlled congress recently discussed the issues of climate change and voted against acknowledging it as an issue despite scientific evidence. Corporations are remaining largely unchecked for environmental hazards, and our legislatures have recently attempted to remove power from those who can hold the corporations accountable. This leaves a burden on responsible individuals to accept the reality that we are in and, make better choices for a brighter future. This leads me to believe that much of the future depends on the sacrifices that responsible individuals take now to reduce their own footprints in order to curb the many issues facing the planet. This could be difficult in rural areas, where people have longer commutes. Once upon a time I lived in the California San Joaquin Valley, and had a two hour commute to work in the bay area in one direction. I’m thankful this is no longer the case because; here I can utilize public transportation. Sadly, millions of Americans are in areas where public transportation is not a viable option. Public transportation in America is not as efficient as many other places in the world that I have visited. In Sweden, many locals claim that the rail has never been late. Many places in Europe may not be as efficient as Sweden but, the infrastructure has created much more efficient systems than the US in general. In fact, our high-speed rail system is virtually non-existent in the US.

Many experts argue that the best step forward would be to rearrange the economic structure and increase prices for oil in order to create a demand for localization in an economy. Transportation costs would then be increased, which in turn would increase the prices for consumer goods including food. Demand for local food and, consumer goods could greatly reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that are expelled into the atmosphere if done on a wide scale. This theory could also have major economic consequences for billions of people around the globe, especially considering food costs are already on the rise.

In order to reduce my own carbon footprint, I can easily change my own transportation options. I cannot change others means of transportation. However, I can make conscientious decisions to reduce my own footprint even further by choosing where I shop. In the Northwest, we have options to shop at local markets for food, and other item consumer goods which can be a major step forward. Local, simple living is another important step that can help reduce my carbon emissions and global emissions. My project has left me with a desire to continue to look for better options to reduce my energy consumption. Energy is an expensive necessity, but every individual has the ability to reduce their energy consumption. It only takes a little will power, and education.

Works Cited

United States. Environmental Protection Agency. US Emission Inventory Report. EPA 1990-2009. N.D. Web. 06. June. 2011

Slattery, Michael C.. “Contemporary Environmental Issues.” Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt, 2008. Print.



Filed under Energy, Envirionment, Essays, Footprint, Life, Resources, Sustainability, Uncategorized

Layers of the Food Forest


    Layers of the Food Forest

There are generally considered to be 7-10 identifiable layers to the forest ecology:

  1. Canopy (tall trees, large fruit & nut trees)
  2. Understorey (smaller fruit trees)
  3. Shrubs and Bushes (currants & berries, clumpers)
  4. Herbaceous (herbs and flowers)
  5. Groundcovers (plants that live close to the ground)
  6. Climbers and Vines
  7. Rhyzosphere (Root) layer (storage root plants)

other commonly discussed ‘layers’

  1. Fungal and Bacterial layer (same strata as Rhysosphere and “coating” most others)
  2. Emergent layer (very tall palms found in the wet tropics)
  3. Sub-Canopy layer (understorey palms in sub-tropics and tropics)


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Save Money and the Environment

Saving money and energy? Yes please! The holiday season is upon us, which means we could all use a little extra savings. The fact is that many of the small choices that we make on a daily basis contribute to our environmental impact that we leave behind. The “on the go” lifestyle has many of us making small decisions that can end up making large impacts. Here are some helpful tips that can directly keep money in your credit union or buried in your backyard.

  1. Run your dishwasher with only a full load and when applicable use the energy-saving settings for drying. (Don’t use heat)
  2. Wash Clothes in warm or cold water, not hot water.
  3. Turn down your water heater thermostat; 120 degrees is recommended.
  4. Replace and clean air filters as recommended. The less energy needed, the more you save.
  5. Energy efficient compact fluorescent bulbs can save money when you do need to use the lights.
  6. Wrap your water heater in an insulating jacket if your water heater is over 5 years old and doesn’t have internal insulation.
  7. Install low flow shower heads in order to use less hot water.
  8. Caulk and weather-strip around doors and windows to make sure you plug those cold air leaks! If you rent, call your land lord.
  9. Ask your utility company to conduct an energy audit to find out where your home is poorly insulated or energy inefficient, making sure you know the ins and outs of your home could make a big difference.


Filed under Energy, Envirionment, Money, Sustainability

Live coverage occupy Portland

I will be tweeting live and documenting the raid at Occupy Portland tonight, tomorrow I’ll post a recap of today’s monumental events.

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Occupy Instant Run Off Voting!



In 1990 the Globescope Pacific Assembly gathered in Los Angeles and featured former US president Jimmy Carter, Ted Turner and many prominent speakers to inform policy makers about environmental issues and exponential growth.

In 1992 at the First Earth Summit, known as the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, world leaders met to approve Agenda 21 a “blueprint for survival” which was put together by environmental policy makers. In the same year, 1700 renowned scientists released a statement called the “‘World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity” about the state of the planet and future of the environment.

In 1996 2500 US economists, including 8 Nobel prize winners endorsed the scientific warnings about climate change and called for economic measures to address the problem.

World leaders met in 1997 for the Kyoto Protocol conference and former vice president Al Gore spoke prophetically of the “profound alteration in the relationship between our species and our planet”.

In 1998, esteemed British Scientist James Lovelock published a piece called A Book For All Seasons in the journal Science to “encapsulate the essential information that is the basis of our civilization for preservation. He claimed that it should be done on paper because it is proven to last hundreds of years, computers haven’t held up to the challenge. Considering this is a mainstream journal, should we be concerned that they were willing to publish this article?

In 2007 the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released its Fourth Assessment Report (won a Nobel Prize) the world gathering in Copenhagen in 2009 but, like all the other conferences any agreement has yet to implement serious law, has been largely ignored by policy makers and much of the public.

A growing number of scientists, groups of scientists, government panels are coming to the conclusion that we need to act. This is exactly why we must get our money out of politics. For example, the Koch brothers are planning on spending upwards of 200 million for the 2012 election alone in an attempt to purchase the presidential election. They have already spent millions on spreading disinformation and funding false scientific studies in order to influence cuts to the EPA.

Science tells our politicians that action is needed, that climate change is happening, and our politicians fail to act time and time again because they are not looking out for the public, they are looking out for corporate interests.

Alan AtKisson, CEO of The AtKisson Group, an international sustainability consulting group and author of Believing Cassandra put it perfectly “When growing numbers of serious people, in serious venues, are saying serious things about the possibility of civilization collapse, it behoves people of all cultural perspectives to reflect on what they are actually saying But it also behoves us to do everything in our power to demonstrate…”

This is exactly why the success of the OccupyWallStreet Movement will depend on the sole ability to get money out of our politics, ending corporate greed, corruption and lack of democracy. If a demand for campaign finance reform is met, it could open the door to fixing the broken beyond repair two-party system and introduce an ideal democracy.

A Democracy that could allow multiple parties. This is why I call for the implementation of Instant Run-Off Voting. A system which allows every eligible voter to select a primary vote, and a secondary vote. If the primary voted candidate doesn’t receive enough votes to be considered, the secondary choice would count instead. Just imagine a democracy which allowed for an open invitation for new ideas and solutions to the worlds problems that allow multiple platforms for people to vote on.


The best part, instant run off voting has already been implemented in some states, and has proven to be successful, and it could be what paves the road to ending the corruption in the political system by giving the power back to the voters, and perhaps even getting rid of the electoral college.

So Please, Occupy Instant Run off Voting…. End the corporate greed and give the power back to the 99%.

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Filed under Activisim, Envirionment, Essays, Footprint, Money, News, Occupy, Politics, Rants, Sustainability

Pictures from Occupy Portland

Occupy Movements have surpassed over one thousand cities worldwide, but one that is setting the Bar for Occupy Movements worldwide is right here in Portland, Oregon. Here are some pictures from OccupyPortland that I have taken since October 6th, 2011.

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Filed under Activisim, Energy, Envirionment, Footprint, Life, Money, News, Occupy, Politics, Rants, Sustainability

Small Feet Still Leave Big Footprints

What is your footprint?Even when we make conscious decisions to limit our carbon footprints, we are still leaving behind a large trail. Small feet still leave big prints, especially in the developed world. Have you ever wondered what your carbon impact was on our beautiful planet? Most of our daily lives revolve around unsustainable practices, and the choices that we make drastically effect our environment. The good news, is that there are many ways to reduce our individual impacts on the planet and save money in the process. In the United States, most of the energy used comes from dirty fossil fuels which means that even when we choose to make sustainable choices we are still leaving behind large foot prints. If everyone lived like an average American, we would need four Earths to support the seven billion people on this planet today. You can check out your impact here to find out how many Earths we would need if everyone lived like you.

Here are some easy ways to reduce your carbon footprint and save money in the process:

  1. Unplug unused appliances. You can save money on your electric bill by unplugging your appliances, toasters, coffee makers etc. They still use a little electricity due to bleed off when they are plugged in.
  2.  Use power strips to turn off electronics. You can save money on your electric bill by using power-strips. Power=strips can be turned off with a button, and stop the electric bleed off.
  3. Compost. You can reduce your garbage output by composting at home, while giving back to your garden. Composting puts nutrients back into the soil removing the need to use petroleum based fertilizer’s.
  4. Turn off the lights! I can’t stress enough how much money you can save by turning off lights every time they are not being used.
  5. Turn down the heater. The less energy you use, the more you save and turning the heater down 2 degrees can save hundreds of dollars throughout the year.

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